It attracted Mr Soros, Lord Rothschild and Ms Albright to invest in a separate $350m Helios Towers Africa fund to “replicate the success of Nigeria”.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke indicated the central bank is far from tightening monetary policy.
Foreign Banks Biggest Borrowers from Fed During Crisis | Most Bankers Decline Comments on Disclosure
Those programs also loaned tens of billions of dollars to each of the biggest U.S. banks, including JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM), Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc. and Morgan Stanley.
The bank, then 29 percent-owned by the Libyan state, had aggregate borrowings in that period of $35 billion — while the largest single loan amount outstanding was $1.2 billion in July 2009.
Some American organisations, such as foreign-policy think-tanks, are also well placed to exert global influence.